Autophagic degradation of SQSTM1 inhibits ovarian cancer motility by decreasing DICER1 and AGO2 to induce let-7a-3pThe relationship between macroautophagy/autophagy and miRNA in regulating cancer cell motility is not clearly delineated. Here, we found that induction of BECN1-dependent or -independent autophagy decreased ubiquitin-binding proteins SQSTM1/p62 and CALCOCO2/NDP52. Downregulation of SQSTM1 (but not CALCOCO2) led to a decrease of the miRNA-processing enzyme DICER1 and the miRNA effector AGO2. The autophagy-mediated reduction of levels of SQSTM1, DICER1 or AGO2 resulted in increased MIRLET7A-3P (but not MIRLET7A-5P or PRE-MIRLET7A miRNA) and suppressed ovarian cancer motility. The investigation of the MIRLET7A effects on cancer cell motility showed that synthetic MIRLET7A-3P (3 nM) inhibited, whereas MIRLET7A-5P (100 nM) increased cancer cell motility. Moreover, downregulation of MIRLET7A-3P with antisense of MIRLET7A-3P miRNA (MIRLET7A-3P inhibitor; 3 nM) reversed the nutrient depletion- and rVP1-mediated suppression of ovarian cancer cell motility. In addition, restoring SQSTM1, DICER1 and AGO2 with inhibition of autophagic degradation or overexpression of DICER1 and AGO2 reversed the autophagy-associated enhancement of MIRLET7A-3P and inhibition of motility. Examination of ovarian cancer tissue microarray further showed that the levels of SQSTM1, DICER1 and AGO2 in the tumor were higher than those in the non-tumor cells and negatively correlated with the levels of autophagy and MIRLET7A-3P. Our results demonstrated that induction of autophagy to decrease SQSTM1, DICER1 and AGO2 and increase MIRLET7A-3P is a potential therapeutic strategy for suppressing ovarian cancer cell motility.
Co-researchers:Liao CC, Ho MY, Liang CM