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Ray Wu Publication

Over 350 original research papers. Out of these papers, over 100 are related to cloning or sequencing of genes, over 100 are related to plant molecular biology, and over 25 are related to transgenic plants or plant biotechnology.
Contributed chapters in 11 books.

Edited twelve books:

"Recombinant DNA," Part A (Wu, R., ed.), Vol. 68 of Methods in Enzymology,
Academic Press, 1979.
"Genetic Engineering Techniques" (Huang, P.C., Kuo, T.T. and Wu, R., eds.),
Academic Press, 1982.
"Recombinant DNA," Part B and Part C (Wu, R., Grossman, L. and Moldave, K., eds.),
Vol. 100 and Vol. 101 of Methods in Enzymology, Academic Press, 1983. "Proceedings of the 1984 Symposium on Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology"
(Wu, R., Lin, E. and Kung, S.D., eds.), Beijing, China, 1984.
"Recombinant DNA," Part D and Part E (Wu, R. and Grossman, L., eds.), Vol. 153
and Vol. 154 of Methods in Enzymology, Academic Press, 1987.
"Recombinant DNA," Part F (Wu, R., ed.), Vol. 155 of Methods in Enzymology,
Academic Press, 1987.
"Recombinant DNA," Part G (Wu, R., ed.), Vol. 216 of Methods in Enzymology,
Academic Press, 1992.
"Recombinant DNA," Part H and Part I (Wu, R., ed.), Vol. 217 and Vol. 218 of

Methods in Enzymology, Academic Press, 1993.

"Transgenic Plants" (Kung, S. and Wu, R., eds.), Academic Press, 1993.

PUBLICATIONS:

  1. Wu, R. and Wilson, D.W. (1955) Conversion of ureidosuccinic acid to orotic acid in fractionated homogenates of rat liver. Fed. Proc. 14, 309.
  2. Cooper, C., Wu, R. and Wilson, D.W. (1955) Studies of some precursors of pyrimidines. J. Biol. Chem. 216, 37-49.
  3. Wu, R. and Wilson, D.W. (1956) Studies of the biosynthesis of orotic acid. J. Biol. Chem. 223, 195-205.
  4. Wu, R. and Racker, E. (1957) Pasteur and crabtree effects. Fed. Proc. 16, 274.
  5. Wu, R. and Racker, E. (1958) Leakage of enzymes from ascites tumor cells. Fed. Proc. 17, 339.
  6. Racker, E. and Wu, R. (1959) Limiting factors in glycolysis of ascites tumor cells and the Pasteur effect. In Ciba Foundation Symposium on Cell Metabolism (Wolstenholme, G.E.W. and O'Connor, Cecilia M., eds.). J. and A. Churchill, London, pp. 205-218.
  7. Wu, R. and Racker, E. (1959) Regulatory mechanisms in carbohydrate metabolism. III. Limiting factors in glycolysis of ascites tumor cells. J. Biol. Chem. 234, 1029-1035.
  8. Wu, R. and Racker, E. (1959) Regulatory mechanisms in carbohydrate metabolism. IV. Pasteur effect and crabtree effect in ascites tumor cells. J. Biol. Chem. 234, 1036-1041.
  9. Wu, R. (1959) Regulatory mechanisms in carbohydrate metabolism. V. Limiting factors of glycolysis in HeLa cells. J. Biol. Chem. 234, 2806-2810.
  10. Wu, R. (1959) Leakage of enzymes from ascites tumor cells. Cancer Res. 19, 1217-1222.
  11. Racker, E., Wu, R. and Alpers, J.B. (1960) Carbohydrate metabolism in ascites tumor and HeLa cells. In Amino Acids, Proteins and Cancer Biochemistry (Edsall, J.D., ed.). Academic Press, New York, pp. 175-189.
  12. Alpers, J.B. and Wu, R. (1961) Effects of glucose on glycogen metabolism in HeLa cells. Fed. Proc. 20, 226.
  13. Wu, R. and Racker, E. (September 1961) Effects of activators and inhibitors on carbohydrate metabolism in tumor cells. Am. Chem. Soc. Abstracts, 140th Annual Meeting, Div. of Medicinal Chem., p. 18-0.
  14. Wu, R. and Racker, E. (1962) Control of rate-limiting factors of glycolysis in tumor cells. J. Gen. Phys. 45, 621A.
  15. Alpers, J.B., Wu, R. and Racker, E. (1963) Regulatory mechanisms in carbohydrate metabolism. VI. Glycogen metabolism in HeLa cells. J. Biol. Chem. 238, 2274-2280.
  16. Wu, R. and Racker, E. (1963) Control of rate-limiting factors of glycolysis in tumor cells. In Control Mechanisms in Respiration and Fermentation (Wright, B., ed.). Ronald Press, New York, pp. 265-288.
  17. Wu, R. (1964) Control of glycolysis by phosphofructokinase in slices of rat liver, Novikoff hepatoma, and adenocarcinomas. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 14, 79-85.
  18. Wu, R. (1964) The effect of azide and oligomycin on inorganic phosphate transport in slices of rat kidney. Biochim. et Biophys. Acta 82, 212-215.
  19. Wu, R. (1964) Simultaneous studies of phosphate transport and glycolysis by a simple liquid scintillation counting procedure with P32, C14, and H3 compounds. Analyt. Biochem. 7, 207-214.
  20. Wu, R. (1964) Systematic analysis of rate-limiting factors in glycolysis. Fed. Proc. 23, 170.
  21. Wu, R., Sessa, G. and Hamerman, D. (1964) Pi transport and glycolysis in leucocytes and platelets. Biochim. et Biophys. Acta 93, 614-624.
  22. Wu, R. (1965) The role of Pi in the control of glycolysis in ascites tumor cells. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 18, 402-408.
  23. Wu, R. (1965) Rate-limiting factors in glycolysis and inorganic orthophosphate transport in rat liver and kidney slices. J. Biol. Chem. 240, 2373-2381.
  24. Wu, R. (1965) Control mechanisms of glycolysis and in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. J. Biol. Chem. 240, 2827-2832.
  25. Wu, R. (1965) On the mechanisms of inhibition and activation of phosphofructokinase in Novikoff ascites tumor cells. In Control of Energy Metabolism (Chance, B., ed.). Academic Press, pp. 87-95.
  26. Wu, R. (1965) On the control of glycolysis in Novikoff ascites tumor cells. In Control of nergy Metabolism (Chance, B., ed.). Academic Press, pp. 187-192.
  27. Wu, R., Power, H. and Hamerman, D. (1965) Rate-limiting factors in glycolysis and transport of inorganic phosphate (Pi) in DBAH1 tumor, DBAG tumor, Novikoff hepatoma, and Novikoff ascites tumor. Cancer Res. 25, 1733-1742.
  28. Wu, R. (1966) Further analysis of the mode of inhibition and activation of Novikoff ascites tumor phosphofructokinase. J. Biol. Chem. 241, 4680-4685.
  29. Wu, R. and Sauer, L.A. (1967) Preparation and assay of phosphorylating mitochondria from ascites tumor cells. In Methods in Enzymology (Colowick, S. and Kaplan, N., eds.), Vol. X. Academic Press, pp. 105-110.
  30. Wu, R. and Kaiser, A.D. (1967) Mapping the 5' terminal nucleotides of the DNA of bacteriophage nand related phages. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 57, 170-177.
  31. Wu, R., Murray, K. and Kaiser, D. (1967) On the nucleotide composition and sequence of the cohesive ends of bacteriophage lambda DNA. 7th Intl. Congress of Biochemistry, p. 655.
  32. Murray, K. and Wu, R. (1968) A rapid general method for the preparation of -32P-labeled nucleotides and nucleoside triphosphates of very high specific radioactivity. Biochem. J. 108, 42.
  33. Wu, R. and Kaiser, A.D. (1968) Structure and base sequence in the cohesive ends of bacteriophage lambda DNA. J. Mol. Biol. 35, 523-537.
  34. Kaiser, A.D. and Wu, R. (1968) Structure and function of DNA cohesive ends. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology 33, 729-734.
  35. Wu, R. (1970) A new approach in the nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. Fed. Proc. 29 , 465.
  36. Wu, R., Donelson, J. and Padmanabhan, R. (1970) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA, Abstracts. 8th Intl. Congress of Biochemistry, p. 166.
  37. Wu, R. (1970) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. I. Partial sequence of the cohesive ends of bacteriophage and 186 DNA. J. Mol. Biol. 51, 501-521.
  38. Wu, R. and Taylor, E. (1971) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. II. Complete nucleotide sequence of the cohesive ends of bacteriophage DNA. J. Mol. Biol. 57, 491- 511.
  39. Wu, R. (1971) Inhibition of polynucleotide kinase by agar, dextran sulfate and other polysaccharide sulfates. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 43, 927-933.
  40. Padmanabhan, R. and Wu, R. (1971) Nucleotide sequence at the cohesive ends of 186 phage DNA. Fed. Proc. 30, 1110.
  41. Wu, R. (1972) Atlas of protein sequence and structure, Vol. 5, D-334, 336.
  42. Wu, R. (1972) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. III. The binding of oligonucleotides to the cohesive ends of lambda DNA and a proposed general procedure for DNA sequence determination. Nature 236, 198-200.
  43. Padmanabhan, R. and Wu, R. (1972) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. IV. Complete nucleotide sequence of the left-hand cohesive end of coliphage 186 DNA. J. Mol. Biol. 65, 447-467.
  44. Wu, R., Donelson, J., Padmanabhan, R. and Hamilton, R. (1972) Determination of primary nucleotide sequences in DNA molecule. Bulletin de L'Institut Pasteur 70, 203- 233.
  45. Donelson, J. and Wu, R. (1972) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. VI. Determination of 3 '-terminal dinucleotide sequences of several species of duplex DNA using Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I. J. Biol. Chem. 247, 4654-4660.
  46. Donelson, J. and Wu, R. (1972) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. VII. Characterization of Escherichia coli exonuclease III. Activity for possible use in terminal nucleotide sequence analysis of duplex DNA. J. Biol. Chem. 247, 4661-4668.
  47. Padmanabhan, R., Wu, R. and Bode, V.C. (1972) Arrangement of DNA in lambda bacteriophage heads. III. Location and number of nucleotides cleaved from DNA by micrococcal nuclease attack on heads. J. Mol. Biol. 69, 201-207.
  48. Padmanabhan, R., Padmanabhan, R. and Wu, R. (1972) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. IX. Use of oligonucleotides of defined sequences as primers in DNA sequence analysis. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 48, 1295-1302.
  49. Hamilton, R.T., Padmanabhan, R. and Wu, R. (1972) DNA sequence determination using E. coli DNA polymerase I catalyzed incorporation of ribotriphosphates. 164th ACS Meeting, New York, Abstract, Biology 40.
  50. Bambara, R.A., Padmanabhan, R. and Wu, R. (1972) Complete nucleotide sequence of the cohesive ends of bacteriophage 80 DNA. 164th ACS Meeting, New York, Abstract, Biology 40.
  51. Bambara, R., Ghangas, G.S., Jay, E. and Wu, R. (1973) Recognition sequences of lambda and 80 DNA in the double stranded region adjacent to the cohesive ends. Fed. Proc. 32, 664.
  52. Bambara, R., Padmanabhan, R. and Wu, R. (1973) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. X. Complete nucleotide sequence of the cohesive ends of bacteriophage 80 DNA. J.Mol. Biol. 75, 741-744.
  53. Ghangas, G.S., Jay, E., Bambara, R. and Wu, R. (1973) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. XI. The 3' terminal sequences of bacteriophage and 80 DNA. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 54, 998-1007.
  54. Wu, R., Tu, C.D. and Padmanabhan, R. (1973) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. XII. The chemical synthesis and sequence analysis of a dodecadeoxynucleotide which binds to the endolysin gene of bacteriophage ambda. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 55, 1092-1098.
  55. Wu, R., Padmanabhan, R. and Bambara, R. (1974) Nucleotide sequence analysis of bacteriophage DNA. Methods in Enzymol. 29, 231-253.
  56. Jay, E., Bambara, R., Padmanabhan, R. and Wu, R. (1974) DNA sequence analysis: A general, simple and rapid method for sequencing large oligodeoxyribonucleotide fragments by mapping. Nucleic Acids Res. 1, 331-353.
  57. Hamilton, R.T. and Wu, R. (1974) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. XIV. Conditions for the incorporation of ribonucleotides and deoxyribonucleotides into single-stranded areas of long double-stranded DNAs. J. Biol. Chem. 249, 2466-2472.
  58. Ghangas, G.S. and Wu, R. (1974) Specific cleavage of cohesive ends of DNA by single- strand specific nucleases. Fed. Proc. 33, 1493.
  59. Padmanabhan, R., Jay, E. and Wu, R. (1974) Chemical synthesis of a primer and its use in the sequence analysis of the lysozyme gene of bacteriophage T4. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 71, 2510-2514.
  60. Padmanabhan, R., Wu, R. and Calendar, R. (1974) Complete nucleotide sequence of the cohesive ends of bacteriophage P2 DNA. J. Biol. Chem. 249, 6197-6207.
  61. Ghangas, G.S. and Wu, R. (1974) Specific hydrolysis of the cohesive ends of bacteriophage DNA by Micrococcus luteus ultraviolet exonuclease. J. Biol. Chem. 249, 7550-7554.
  62. Bambara, R., Jay, E. and Wu, R. (1974) DNA sequence analysis: A formula to predict electrophoretic mobilities of oligonucleotides on cellulose acetate. Nucleic Acids Res. 1, 1503-1520.
  63. Wu, R., Bambara, R. and Jay, E. (1975) Recent advances in DNA sequence analysis. CRC Critical Review in Biochemistry 2, 455-512.
  64. Dykes, G., Bambara, R., Marians, K. and Wu, R. (1975) On the statistical significance of primary structural features found in DNA-protein interaction sites. Nucleic Acids Res. 2, 327-345.
  65. Bahl, C.P., Marians, K.J., Wu, R., Itakura, K., Katagiri, N. and Narang, S.A. (1975) Chemical and enzymatic synthesis of a region of two-fold symmetry in the lactose operator of E. coli. Fed. Proc. 34, 608.
  66. Itakura, K., Katagiri, N., Narang, S.A., Bahl, C.P., Marians, K.J. and Wu, R. (1975) Chemical synthesis and sequence studies of oligodeoxyribonucleotides which constitute the duplex sequence of the lactose operator of E. coli. J. Biol. Chem. 250, 4592-4600.
  67. Ghangas, G.S. and Wu, R. (1975) Specific hydrolysis of the cohesive ends of bacteriophage DNA by three single strand-specific nucleases. J. Biol. Chem. 250, 4601-4606.
  68. Bambara, R. and Wu, R. (1975) DNA sequence analysis: Terminal sequences of bacteriophage 80. J. Biol. Chem. 250, 4607-4618.
  69. Marians, K.J., Padmanabhan, R. and Wu, R. (1975) Ribo-substitution at the ends of duplex DNA: Complete nucleotide sequence of the right-hand cohesive end of coliphage 186 DNA. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 169, 108-115.
  70. Ruben, G., Jay, E., Wu, R. and Siegel, B. (1975) Improved resolution of stained SV40 DNA fragments in dark field EM. 33rd Ann. Proc. Electron Microscopy Soc. Amer., Las Vegas, Nevada, p. 660.
  71. Wu, R., Ruben, G., Siegel, B., Spielman, P. and Jay, E. (1975) Synchrony of digestion of SV40 DNA by exonuclease III determined by EM. 33rd Ann. Proc. Electron Microscopy Soc. Amer., Las Vegas, Nevada, pp. 674-675.
  72. Bahl, C.P., Wu, R., Itakura, K., Katagiri, N. and Narang, S.A. (1976) Chemical and enzymatic synthesis of lactose operator of E. coli and its binding to lactose repressor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 73, 91-94.
  73. Abermann, R., Bahl, C.P., Marians, K.J., Salpeter, M.M. and Wu, R. (1976) Studies on the lactose Operon. III. Visualization and physical mapping of the lactose repressor- operator complex. J. Mol. Biol. 100, 109-114.
  74. Wu, R., Ruben, G., Siegel, B., Jay, E., Spielman, P. and Tu, C.D. (1976) Synchronous digestion of SV40 DNA by exonuclease III. Biochem. 15, 734-740.
  75. Roychoudhury, R., Jay, E. and Wu, R. (1976) Terminal labeling and addition of homopolymer tracts to duplex DNA fragments by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase. Nucleic Acids Res. 3, 863-877.
  76. Jay, E., Roychoudhury, R. and Wu, R. (1976) Nucleotide sequence with elements of an unusual two-fold rotational symmetry in the region of origin of replication of SV40 DNA. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 69, 678-686.
  77. Tu, C.D., Roychoudhury, R. and Wu, R. (1976) Nucleotide recognition sequence at the cleavage site of Haemophilus aegyptius II (HacII) restriction endonuclease. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 72, 355-362.
  78. Wu, R., Jay, E. and Roychoudhury, R. (1976) Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. In Methods in Cancer Research , Vol. XII. Academic Press, New York, pp. 87-176.
  79. Marians, K. and Wu, R. (1976) Structure of the lactose operator. Nature 260, 360-363.
  80. Tu, C.D., Jay, E., Bahl, C.P. and Wu, R. (1976) A reliable mapping method for sequence determination of oligodeoxyribonucleotides by mobility shift analysis. Anal. Biochem. 73-93.
  81. Jay, E. and Wu, R. (1976) Arthrobacter luteus restriction endonuclease recognition sequence and its cleavage map of SV40 DNA. Biochem. 15, 3612-3620.
  82. Narang, S.A., Bahl, C.P., Hozumi, T., Itakura, K., Katagiri, N., Stawinski, J. and Wu, R. (1976) Total synthesis of the lactose operator gene and its analogues and their biological studies. 10th Intl. Symposium Chem. of Nat. Products, Dunedin, New Zealand, A17.
  83. Marians, K.J., Wu, R., Stawinski, J., Hozumi, T. and Narang, S.A. (1976) Cloned synthetic lac operator DNA is biologically active. Nature 263, 744-748.
  84. Bahl, C.P., Marians, K.J., Wu, R., Stawinski, J. and Narang, S.A. (1976) A general method for inserting specific DNA sequences into cloning vehicles. Gene 1, 81-92.
  85. Lin, S., Itakura, K., Rosenberg, J.M., Wilcox, G., Bahl, C.P., Wu, R., Narang, S.A., Dickerson, R. and Riggs, A.D. (1976) The interaction of chemically synthesized 21-base pair lac operator with the lac repressor. In Molecular Mechanisms in the Control of Gene Expression (Nierlich, D.P., Rutter, W.J. and Fox, C.F., eds.), Vol. V. Academic Press, pp. 143-158.
  86. Szostak, J.W., Stiles, J.I., Bahl, C.P. and Wu, R. (1977) Specific binding of a synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide to yeast cytochrome c mRNA. Nature 265, 61-63.
  87. Bahl, C.P., Wu, R., Stawinski, J. and Narang, S.A. (1977) Minimal length of the lactose operator sequence for the specific recognition by the lactose repressor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 74, 966-970.
  88. Wu, R., Bahl, C.P. and Narang, S.A. (1977) General methods for inserting specific DNA sequences in cloning vehicles. In Molecular Cloning of Recombinant DNA (Scott, W.A. and Werner, R., eds.), Vol. XIII. Miami Winter Symposia, Academic Press, p. 244.
  89. Stawinski, J., Hozumi, T., Narang, S.A., Bahl, C.P. and Wu, R. (1977) Arylsulfonyltetrazoles, new coupling reagents and further improvements in the triester method for the synthesis of oligodeoxyribonucleotides. Nucleic Acids Res. 4, 353-371.
  90. Szostak, J.W., Stiles, J.I. and Wu, R. (1977) Sequence analysis of the 5' non-coding region of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c mRNA. Fed. Proc. 36, 812.
  91. Bahl, C.P., Wu, R. and Narang, S.A. (1977) The minimum recognition sequence of the lactose operator. Fed. Proc. 36, 88.
  92. Ruben, G., Spielman, P., Tu, C.D., Jay, E., Siegel, B. and Wu, R. (1977) Relaxed circular SV40 DNA as cleavage intermediate of two restriction endonucleases. Nucleic Acids Res. 4, 1803-1813.
  93. Roychoudhury, R. and Wu, R. (1977) Novel properties of Escherichia coli exonuclease III. J. Biol. Chem. 252, 4786-4789.
  94. Narang, S.A., Bahl, C.P. and Wu, R. (1977) Synthesis and cloning of operator DNA of the lac operon of E. coli. Canad. J. Biochem. 55, 1125-1133.
  95. Wu, R., Bahl, C.P. and Narang, S.A. (1978) Lactose operator-repressor interaction. In Current Topics in Cellular Regulation (Horecker, B.L. and Stadtman, E.R., eds.), Vol. 13, pp. 138-178.
  96. Bahl, C.P., Wu, R. and Narang, S.A. (1978) Cloned seventeen-nucleotide-long synthetic lactose operator is biologically active. Gene 3, 123-134.
  97. Bahl, C.P., Wu, R., Brousseau, R., Sood, A.K., Hsiung, H.M. and Narang, S.A. (1978) Chemical synthesis of versatile adaptors for molecular cloning. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 81, 695-703.
  98. Yang, R.C.A. and Wu, R. (1978) BK virus DNA: Cleavage map and sequence analysis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75, 2150-2154.
  99. Wu, R., Bahl, C.P. and Narang, S.A. (1978) Synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides for analyses of DNA structure and function. In Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology (Cohn, W.E., ed.), Vol. 21, pp. 102-141.
  100. Wu, R. (1978) DNA sequence analysis. Ann. Rev. Biochem. 47, 607-634.
  101. Yang, R.C.A. and Wu, R. (1978) Cleavage map of BK virus DNA with restriction endonucleases MboI and HaeIII. J. Virol. 27, 700-712.
  102. Yang, R.C.A. and Wu, R. (1978) Physical mapping of BK virus DNA with SacI, MboII and AluI restriction endonucleases. J. Virol. 28, 851-864.
  103. Tomassini, J., Roychoudhury, R., Wu, R. and Roberts, R.J. (1978) Recognition sequence of restriction endonuclease KpnI from Klebsiella pneumoniae. Nucleic Acids Res. 5, 4055-4064.
  104. Wu, R., King, C.T. and Jay, E. (1978) A new sequence-specific endonuclease from Streptococcus faecalis Subsp. zymogenes. Gene 4, 329-336.
  105. Narang, S.A., Brousseau, R., Hsiung, H.N., Bahl, C.P. and Wu, R. (1979) Synthesis and cloning of lactose operator DNA of E. coli. In Gene Functions, 12th FEBS Meeting, Dresden 1978, Vol. 51. Pergamon Press, pp. 447-462.
  106. Narang, S.A. and Wu, R. (1979) Oligonucleotides. In Densitometry in Thin Layer Chromatography: Practice and Applications (Touchstone, J.C. and Sherma, J.A., eds.). John-Wiley and Sons, pp. 455-473.
  107. Yang, R.C.A. and Wu, R. (1979) BK virus DNA sequence coding for the amino-terminus of the T-antigen. J. Virol. 92, 340-352.
  108. Yang, R.C.A. and Wu, R. (1979) BK virus DNA sequence: Extent of homology with Simian Virus 40 DNA. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76, 1179-1183.
  109. Roychoudhury, R., Tu, C.D. and Wu, R. (1979) Influence of nucleotide sequence adjacent to duplex DNA termini on 3' terminal labeling by terminal transferase. Nucleic Acids Res. 6, 1323-1333.
  110. Rothestein, R.J. and Wu, R. (1979) Genetic engineering: Introduction of a HindIII site into the M13 mp2 cloning vector. XIth Intl. Congress Biochemistry, p. 22.
  111. Lau, L.F., Narang, S.A. and Wu, R. (1979) Synthesis and cloning of DNA molecules coding for lysine-rich proteins. XIth Intl. Congress Biochemistry, p. 29.
  112. Calvo, J.M. and Wu, R.J. (1979) Recombining genes in a test-tube. New York's Food and Life Sci. Quart. 12, 20-22.
  113. Yang, R.C.A. and Wu, R. (1979) BK virus DNA: Complete nucleotide sequence of a human tumor virus. Science 206, 456-462.
  114. Yang, R.C.A. and Wu, R. (1979) Comparative study of papovavirus DNA: BKV(MM), BKV(WT) and SV40. Nucleic Acids Res. 7, 651-668.
  115. Szostak, J.W. and Wu, R. (1979) Insertion of a genetic marker into the ribosomal DNA of yeast. Plasmid 2, 536-554.
  116. Rothstein, R.J., Lau, L.F., Bahl, C.P., Narang, S.A. and Wu, R. (1979) Synthetic adaptors for cloning DNA. Methods in Enzymol. 68, 98-109.
  117. Yang, R.C.A., Lis, J. and Wu, R. (1979) Elution of DNA from agarose gels after electrophoresis. Methods in Enzymol. 68, 176-182.
  118. Szostak, J.W., Stiles, J.I., Tye, B.-K., Chiu, P., Sherman, F. and Wu, R. (1979) Hybridization with synthetic oligonucleotides. Methods in Enzymol. 68, 419-428.
  119. Sung, W.L., Hsiung, H.M., Brousseau, R., Michniewicz, J., Wu, R. and Narang, S.A. (1979) Synthesis of the human insulin gene, Part II. Nucleic Acids Res. 7, 2199-2212.
  120. Wu, R., Lau, L., Hsiung, H., Sung, W., Brousseau, R. and Narang, S.A. (1980) New synthetic oligonucleotides for specific trimming of DNA for sequencing DNA. 12th Miami Winter Symposium, p. 419.
  121. Bahl, C.P., Wu, R. and Narang, S.A. (1980) Lactose operator-repressor interaction: Use of synthetic oligonucleotides in determining the minimal recognition sequence of the lactose operator. Methods in Enzymol. 65, 877-885.
  122. Tu, C.D. and Wu, R. (1980) Sequence analysis of short DNA fragments. Methods in Enzymol. 65, 620-638.
  123. Roychoudhury, R. and Wu, R. (1980) Terminal transferase-catalyzed addition of nucleotides to the 3' termini of DNA. Methods in Enzymol. 65, 43-62.
  124. Szostak, J.W. and Wu, R. (1980) Unequal crossing over in the ribosomal DNA of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature 284, 426-430.
  125. Yang, R.C.A., Young, A. and Wu, R. (1980) BK virus DNA sequence coding for the t and T antigens and evaluation of methods for determining sequence homology. J. Virol 4, 416-430.
  126. Hsiung, H.M., Sung, W.L., Brousseau, R., Wu, R. and Narang, S.A. (1980) Synthesis of human insulin gene, Part III. Chemical synthesis of 5'-phosphomonoester group containing oligodeoxyribonucleotides by the modified phosphotriester method. Its application in the synthesis of seventeen fragments constituting human insulin C-chain DNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 8, 5753-5765.
  127. Narang, S.A., Brousseau, R., Hsiung, H.M., Sung, W., Scarpulla, R., Ghangas, G., Lau, L., Hess, B. and Wu, R. (1980) Synthesis of the human insulin gene, Part IV. New synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide adaptors and primer for DNA cloning and sequence analysis. Nucleic Acids Res. Symp. Series 7, 377-385.
  128. Scarpulla, R.C., Agne, K.M. and Wu, R. (1981) Isolation and structure of a rat cytochrome c gene. J. Biol. Chem. 256, 6480-6486.
  129. Stiles, J.I., Szostak, J.W., Young, A.T., Wu, R., Consaul, S. and Sherman, F. (1981) DNA sequence of a mutation in the leader region of the yeast iso-1-cytochrome c mRNA. Cell 25, 277-284.
  130. Deng, G.R. and Wu, R. (1981) An improved procedure for utilizing terminal transferase to add homopolymers to the 3' termini of DNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 9, 4173-4187.
  131. Rothestein, R. and Wu, R. (1981) Modification of the bacteriophage vector M13 mp2: Introduction of new restriction sites for cloning. Gene 15, 167-176.
  132. Scarpulla, R.C., Agne, K.M. and Wu, R. (1982) Cytochrome c gene-related sequences in mammalian genomes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79, 739-743.
  133. Guo, L.H. and Wu, R. (1982) New rapid methods for DNA sequencing based on exonuclease III digestion followed by repair synthesis. Nucleic Acids. Res. 10, 2065-2084.
  134. Scarpulla, R.C., Narang, S. and Wu, R. (1982) Use of a new retrieving adaptor in the cloning of a synthetic human insulin A-chain gene. Anal. Biochem. 121, 356-365.
  135. Brousseau, R., Scarpulla, R., Sung, W., Hsiung, H.M., Narang, S.A. and Wu, R. (1982) Synthesis of a human insulin gene. V. Enzymatic assembly, cloning and characterization of the human proinsulin DNA. Gene 17, 279-289.
  136. Fristensky, B., Lis, J. and Wu, R. (1982) Protable microcomputer software for nucleotide sequence analysis. Nucleic Acids Res. 10, 6451-6463.
  137. Lau, L.F., Roberts, J.W. and Wu, R. (1982) Transcription terminates at tR1 in three clusters. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79, 6171-6175.
  138. Wu, R., Guo, L.H. and Scarpulla, R.C. (1982) Genetic engineering technology -- An overview and some recent advances. In Genetic Engineering Techniques (Huang, P.C., Kuo, T.T. and Wu, R., eds.). Academic Press, pp. 3-21.
  139. Roychoudhury, R., Jay, E., Tu, C.P. and Wu, R. (1982) The use of restriction endonucleases for nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA. In Recent Developments in Plant Sciences (Sen, S.P., ed.). Today and Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers, New Delhi, pp. 359-386.
  140. Scarpulla, R.C. and Wu, R. (1983) Nonallelic members of the cytochrome c multigene family of the rat may arise through different messenger RNAs. Cell 32, 473-482.
  141. Guo, L.H. and Wu, R. (1983) Exonuclease III: Use for DNA sequence analysis and in specific deletions of nucleotides. Methods in Enzymol. 100, 60-96.
  142. Deng, R.G. and Wu, R. (1983) Terminal transferase: Use in the tailing of DNA and for in vitro mutagenesis. Methods in Enzymol. 100, 96-116.
  143. Lau, L.F., Roberts, J.W. and Wu, R. (1983) RNA polymerase pausing and transcript release at the tR1 terminator in vitro. J. Biol. Chem. 258, 9391-9397.
  144. Guo, L.H., Yang, R.C.A. and Wu, R. (1983) An improved strategy for rapid direct sequencing of both strands of long DNA molecules cloned in a plasmid. Nucleic Acids Res. 11, 5521-5540.
  145. Yang, R., Fristensky, B., Deutch, A.H., Huang, R.C., Tan, Y.H., Narang, S.A. and Wu, R. (1983) The nucleotide sequence of a new human repetitive DNA consists of eight tandem repeats of 66 base pairs. Gene 25, 59-66.
  146. Wu, R., Guo, L.H., Georges, F. and Narang, S.A. (1983) Rapid methods for sequencing DNA. Transactions N. Y. Academy Science, Series II 41, 253-267.
  147. Yang, R., Guo, L.H. and Wu, R. (1983) Nucleases and polymerases for sequencing DNA and for making deletions in DNA. In Frontiers in Biochemical and Biophysical Studies of Proteins and Membranes (Liu, T.H., Sakakibara, S., et al., eds.). Elsevier Science Publishing Company, pp. 5-21.
  148. Stepien, P.P., Brousseau, R., Wu, R., Narang, S. and Thomas, D.Y. (1983) Synthesis of a human insulin gene. VI. Expression of the synthetic proinsulin gene in yeast. Gene , 289-297.
  149. Limbach, K.J. and Wu, R. (1983) Isolation and characterization of two alleles of the chicken cytochrome c gene. Nucleic Acids Res. 11, 8931-8950.
  150. Wu, R. (1983) Application of genetic engineering in the areas of energy and fertilizer. In Symposium on Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, pp. 101-130.
  151. Georges, F., Brousseau, R., Michniewicz, J., Prefontaine, G., Stawinski, J., Sung, W., Wu, R. and Narang, S.A. (1984) Synthesis of a human insulin gene. VII. Synthesis of preproinsulin-like human DNA, its cloning and expression in M13 bacteriophage. Gene 27, 201-211.
  152. Lau, L.F., Roberts, J.W., Wu, R., Georges, F. and Narang, S.A. (1984) A potential stem- loop structure and the sequence CAAUCAA in the transcript are insufficient to signal - dependent transcription termination at tR1. Nucleic Acids Res. 12, 1287-1299.
  153. Guo, L.H. and Wu, R. (1984) Sequencing of proteins by DNA sequencing. In Biochemical and Biophysical Studies of Proteins and Nucleic Acids (Lo, T.B., Liu, T.Y. and Li, C.H., eds.). Elsevier Science Publishing Company, pp. 169-182.
  154. Bahl, C.P., Narang, S.A. and Wu, R. (1984) Oligonucleotide synthesis and its application to recombinant DNA technology. In Biochemical and Biophysical Studies of Proteins and Nucleic Acids (Lo, T.B., Liu, T.Y. and Li, C.H., eds.). Elsevier Science Publishing Company, pp. 183-196.
  155. Guo, L.H., Stepien, P.P., Tso, J.Y., Brousseau, R., Narang, S., Thomas, D.Y. and Wu, R. (1984) Synthesis of human insulin gene. VIII. Construction of expression vectors for fused proinsulin production in Escherichia coli. Gene 29, 251-254.
  156. Kao, T.H., Moon, E. and Wu, R. (1984) Cytochrome oxidase subunit II gene of rice has an insertion sequence within the intron. Nucleic Acids Res. 12, 7305-7315.
  157. Wu, R. (1984) Genetic engineering and biotechnology -- An overview. In Proceedings of the 1984 Symposium on Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. Peking University Library, Beijing, pp. 1-11.
  158. Shen, T.J., Wu, N.H. and Wu, R. (1984) Recent methods for sequencing synthetic oligonucleotides and expression of cloned genes in yeast. In Proceedings of the 1984 Symposium on Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. Peking University Library, Beijing, pp. 12-30.
  159. Sun, X.H., Tso, J. and Wu, R. (1984) Evolution of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene. In Proceedings of the 1984 Symposium on Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. Peking University Library, Beijing, pp. 31-43.
  160. Limbach, K., Shen, T.J., Zhang, N.H., Trach, K.A. and Wu, R. (1984) The isolation and characterization of the mouse somatic cytochrome c gene and the production of cytochrome c pseudogenes. In Proceedings of the 1984 Symposium on Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. Peking University Library, Beijing, pp. 44-64.
  161. Wu, R., Wu, N.H., Zahre, H., Georges, F. and Narang, S. (1984) Purification and sequence analysis of synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotides. In Oligonucleotide Synthesis: A Practical Approach (Gait, M.J., ed.). IRL Press, Oxford, pp. 135-151.
  162. Wu, R., Guo, L.H., Stepien, P.P., Shen, T.J., Tso, J.Y., Brousseau, R., Narang, S.A. and Thomas, D.Y. (1984) Expression vectors for fused proinsulin production in E. coli and yeast. In Genetics: New Frontiers (Chopra, V.L., Joshi, B.C., Sharma, R.P. and Bansal, H.C., eds.), Vol. II. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi, pp. 65-79.
  163. Narang, S.A., Brousseau, R., Georges, F., Hanna, Z., Michniewicz, J., Prefontaine, G., Stawinski, J., Stepien, P., Sung, W., Thomas, D., Tso, J., Vernet, T., Visentin, L.P. and Wu, R. (1984) Total synthesis and expression of human preproinsulin gene. In Genetics: New Frontiers (Chopra, V.L., Joshi, B.C., Sharma, R.P. and Bansal, H.C., eds.), Vol. II. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi, pp. 81-90.
  164. Limbach, K.J. and Wu, R. (1985) Characterization of a mouse somatic cytochrome c gene and three cytochrome c pseudogenes. Nucleic Acids Res. 13, 617-630.
  165. Limbach, K.J. and Wu, R. (1985) Characterization of two Drosophila melanogaster cytochrome c genes and their transcripts. Nucleic Acids Res. 13, 631-644.
  166. Tso, J.Y., Sun, X.H., Kao, T.H., Reece, K.S. and Wu, R. (1985) Isolation and characterization of rat and human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase cDNAs: Genomic complexity and molecular evolution of the gene. Nucleic Acids Res. 13, 2485-2502.
  167. Moon, E., Kao, T.H. and Wu, R. (1985) Pea cytochrome oxidase subunit II gene has no intron and generates two mRNA transcripts with different 5'-termini. Nucleic Acids Res. 13, 3195-3212.
  168. Tso, J.Y., Sun, X.H. and Wu, R. (1985) Structure of two Drosophila melanogaster glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase genes. Fed. Proc. 44, 668.
  169. Sun, X.H., Tso, X.H. and Wu, R. (1985) Function of two Drosophila melanogaster glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase genes. Fed. Proc. 44, 1440.
  170. Tso, J.Y., Sun, X.H. and Wu, R. (1985) Structure of two unlinked Drosophila melanogaster glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase genes. J. Biol. Chem. 260, 8220-8228.
  171. Wu, C.I., Li, W.-H., Shen, T.J., Scarpulla, R.C., Limbach, K.J. and Wu, R. (1986) Evolution of cytochrome c genes and pseudogenes. J. Mol. Evol. 23, 61-75.
  172. Wu, R., Peng, Z., Kao, T., Moon, E. and Cai, Y. (1986) Molecular cloning and sequencing of rice genes. IRRI Symposium, Manila, Philippines, pp. 825-837.
  173. Ou-Lee, T.-M., Turgeon, R. and Wu, R. (1986) Expression of a foreign gene linked to either a plant virus or a Drosophila promoter, after electroporation of protoplasts of rice, wheat and sorghum. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6815-6819.
  174. Sung, W.L., Zahab, D.M., Yao, F.-L., Wu, R. and Narang, S.A. (1986) Simultaneous synthesis of human-, mouse- and chimeric-epidermal growth factor genes via 'hybrid gene synthesis' approach. Nucleic Acids Res. 14, 6159-6168.
  175. Peng, Z. and Wu, R. (1986) A simple and rapid nucleotide sequencing strategy and its application in analyzing a rice histone 3 gene. Gene 45, 247-252.
  176. Wu, N.-H., Cote, J.-C. and Wu, R. (1986) Nucleotide sequence of rice cytochrome f gene and the presence of sequence variation near this gene. Gene 50, 271-278.
  177. Moon, E., Kao, T.-H. and Wu, R. (1987) Rice chloroplast DNA molecules are heterogeneous as revealed by DNA sequences of a cluster of genes. Nucleic Acids Res. 15, 611-630.
  178. Shen, T.J., Zhang, J.R. and Wu, R. (1987) Construction of yeast -factor expression systems. Chinese Biochem. J. 3, 55-58.
  179. Wu, R. and Yang, R. (1987) Rapid DNA sequence analysis. In Synthesis and Applications of DNA and RNA (Narang, S.A., ed.). Academic Press, Orlando, pp. 137-162.
  180. Brousseau, R., Sung, W., Wu, R. and Narang, S.A. (1987) Synthetic gene assembly, cloning and expression. In Synthesis and Applications of DNA and RNA (Narang, S.A., ed.). Academic Press, Orlando, pp. 95-114.
  181. Klein, T.M., Wolf, E.D., Wu, R. and Sanford, J.C. (1987) High-velocity microprojectiles deliver nucleic acids into living cells. Nature 327, 70-73.
  182. Moon, E., Kao, T.-H. and Wu, R. (1987) Sequence of the chloroplast-encoded atpB- atpE-trnM gene clusters from rice. Nucleic Acids Res. 15, 4358-4359.
  183. Wu, T. and Wu, R. (1987) A new rice repetitive DNA shows sequence homology to both 5S RNA and tRNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 15, 5913-5923.
  184. Wu, R., Wu, T. and Ray, A. (1987) Adaptors, linkers and methylation. Methods in Enzymol. 152, 343-349.
  185. Peng, Z.G. and Wu, R. (1987) A new and simple rapid method for sequencing DNA. Methods in Enzymol. 153, 214-231.
  186. Xie, Y., Cai, Y., Peng, Z.G. and Wu, R. (1987) Cloning and structural analysis of rice genes. Scientia Sinica, Ser. B., Vol. 1, pp. 15-27.
  187. Xie, Y., Peng, Z., Cai, Y. and Wu, R. (1987) Cloning and analysis of histone 3 gene and rubisco small subunit gene of rice. Scientia Sinica 30, 706-718.
  188. Wu, N., Cote, J.-C. and Wu, R. (1987) Structure of the chloroplast psbA gene encoding the QB protein from Oryza sativa L. Developmental Genetics 8, 339-350.
  189. Wu, R., Reece, K.S. and McCann, M. (1987) Analysis of genes in rice. In Proceedings of the First International Symposium in Chromosome Engineering in Plants. Xian, China, October 1986.
  190. Tang, Y., Kuang, D. and Wu, R. (1988) -factor-directed synthesis and secretion of - subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (-hCG) in yeast S. cerevisiae. Scientia Sinica, Ser. B, pp. 179-186.
  191. Sun, X.H., Lis, J.T. and Wu, R. (1988) The positive and negative transcriptional regulation of the Drosophila Gapdh-2 gene. Genes & Development 2, 743-753.
  192. Ray, P., Moy, F.J., Montelione, G.T., Liu, J.F., Narang, S.A., Scheraga, H.A. and Wu, R. (1988) Structure-function studies of murine EGF: Expression and site-directed mutagenesis of EGF gene. Biochemistry 27, 7289-7295.
  193. Wu, R. (1988) Cloning and analysis of genes from rice. Third Chemical Congress of North America, Toronto, Canada, June 5-10. Abstract, p. 132.
  194. Xie, Y. and Wu, R. (1988) Anaerobic induction and organ-specific expression of rice ADH genes. Genome 30, suppl. 1, 31.
  195. Sun, X.-H., Tso, J.Y., Lis, J. and Wu, R. (1988) Differential regulation of the two glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase genes during Drosophila development. Mol. Cell. Biol. 8, 5200-5205.
  196. Moon, E., Kao, T.-H. and Wu, R. (1988) Rice mitochondrial genome contains a rearranged chloroplast gene cluster. Mol. Gen. Genet. 213, 247-253.
  197. Xie, Y. and Wu, R. (1988) Nucleotide sequence of a ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase small subunit gene (rbcS) in rice. Nucleic Acids Res. 16, 7749.
  198. Moon, E. and Wu, R. (1988) Organization and nucleotide sequence of genes at both junctions between the two inverted repeats and the large single-copy region in the rice chloroplast genome. Gene 70, 1-12.
  199. Ou-Lee, T.-M., Turgeon, R. and Wu, R. (1988) Interaction of a gibberellin-induced factor with the upstream region of an -amylase gene in rice aleurone tissue. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85, 6366-6369.
  200. Zhang, W. and Wu, R. (1988) Efficient regeneration of transgenic plants from rice protoplasts and correctly regulated expression of the foreign gene in the plants. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76, 835-840.
  201. Wang, Y.-C., Klein, T.M., Fromm, M., Cao, J., Sanford, J.C. and Wu, R. (1988) Transient expression of foreign genes in rice, wheat and soybean cells following particle bombardment. Plant Molec. Biol. 11, 433-439.
  202. Cote, J.-C., Wu, N.-H. and Wu, R. (1988) Nucleotide sequence of the rice chloroplast apocytochrome b6 gene (petB). Plant Molec. Biol. 11, 873-874.
  203. Cote, J.-C. and Wu, R. (1988) Sequence of the chloroplast psbF gene encoding the Photosystem II 10 kDa phosphoprotein from Oryza sativa L. Nucleic Acids Res. 16, 10384.
  204. Luo, Z.-X. and Wu, R. (1988) A simple method for the transformation of rice via the pollen-tube pathway. Plant Molec. Biol. Reporter 6, 165-174.
  205. Wu, R. (1988) Report of the committee on genetic engineering: molecular analysis of rice genes. Rice Genetics Newsletter 5, 22-24. 206. Moon, E. and Wu, R. (1988) Distribution and evolution of a transposon-like sequence in 30 varieties of rice. Rice Genetics Newsletter 5, 133-135.
  206. Moon, E. and Wu, R. (1988) Distribution and evolution of a transposon-like sequence in 30 varieties of rice. Rice Genetics Newsletter 5, 133-135
  207. Wu, R., Zhao, X., Wu, T. and Xie, Y. (1988) Genome-type-specific repetitive DNA sequences in rice. Rice Genetics Newsletter 5, 136-137.
  208. Cote, J.-C. and Wu, R. (1989) Sequence of the chloroplast rps14 gene encoding the chloroplast ribosomal protein S14 from rice. Nucleic Acids Res. 17, 1780.
  209. Wu, R. (1989) Transformation of rice and generation of transgenic rice plants. Proceedings AgBiotech '89 International Conference, March 1989, Arlington, Virginia, pp. 191-192.
  210. Wu, R. (1989) Transformation and regeneration of transgenic rice and maize plants. UCLA Symposium on "Plant Gene Transfer", J. Cell Biochem. Suppl. 13D, p. 228.
  211. Zhao, X., Wu, T., Xie, Y. and Wu, R. (1989) Genome specific repetitive sequences in the genus Oryza. Theor. Appl. Genet. 78, 201-209.
  212. Xie, Y. and Wu, R. (1989) Rice alcohol dehydrogenase genes: Anaerobic induction, organ specific expression and characterization of cDNA clones. Plant Molec. Biol. 13 53-68.
  213. Wu, R. (1989) Methods for transforming plant cells. In Plant Biotechnology (Kung, S.D. and Arntzen, C.J., eds.). Butterworths, Massachusetts, pp. 35-51.
  214. Kemmerer, E.C., Kao, T.-H., Deng, G.-R. and Wu, R. (1989) Isolation and nucleotide sequence of the pea cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene. Plant Molec. Biol. 13, 121-124.
  215. Wu, R. (1989) Report of the committee on genetic engineering: molecular analysis of rice genes. Rice Genetics Newsletter 6, 32-37.
  216. Luo, Z.-X., Zhao, X.-P., Cote, J.-C. and Wu, R. (1989) The chloroplast-encoded ORF39 sequence of Oryza rufipogon. Rice Genetics Newsletter 6, 144-146.
  217. Kemmerer, E.C. and Wu, R. (1989) Comparison of eleven chloroplast genes between an Indica and a Japonica cultivar of rice. Rice Genetics Newsletter 6, 147-149.
  218. Moy, F.J., Scheraga, H.A., Liu, J.-F., Wu, R. and Montelione, G.T. (1989) Conformational characterization of a single-site mutant of murine epidermal growth factor (EGF) by 1H NMR provides evidence that leucine-47 is involved in the interactions with the EGF receptor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 86, 9836-9840.
  219. Cao, J., Wang, Y.-C., Klein, T.M., Sanford, J. and Wu, R. (1990) Transformation of rice and maize using the biolistic process. In Plant Gene Transfer (Lamb, C.J. and Beachy, R.N., eds.), Proceedings of a UCLA Symposium, Park City, Utah, April 1-7, 1989. Alan R. Liss, New York, pp. 21-33.
  220. McElroy, D., Zhang, W., Cao, J. and Wu, R. (1990) Isolation of an efficient actin promoter for use in rice transformation. Plant Cell 2, 163-171.
  221. McElroy, D., Rothenberg, M. and Wu, R. (1990) Structural characterization of a rice actin gene. Plant Molec. Biol. 14, 163-171.
  222. Reece, K.S., McElroy, D. and Wu, R. (1990) Genomic nucleotide sequence of four rice (Oryza sativa) actin genes. Plant Molec. Biol. 14, 621-624.
  223. Xie, Y. and Wu, R. (1990) Molecular analysis of an alcohol dehydrogenase-encoding genomic clone (adh2) from rice. Gene 87, 185-191.
  224. Kemmerer, E.C. and Wu, R. (1990) The Pisum sativum mitochondrial gene encoding cytochrome oxidase subunit I has an unusual transcription pattern. Gene 89, 157-162.
  225. McElroy, D., Rothenberg, M., Reece, K.S. and Wu, R. (1990) Characterization of the rice (Oryza sativa) actin gene family. Plant Molec. Biol. 15, 257-268.
  226. Yu, S.-M., Tai, Y.-S., Goldman, S., Chuu, Y.-J., Ou-Lee, T.-M. and Wu, R. (1990) Analysis of the promoter region of rice -amylase genes. In Structure and Function of Nucleic Acids and Proteins (Wu, F. and Wu, C.-W., eds.). Raven Press Ltd., New York, pp. 287-295.
  227. Wu, R., Kemmerer, E. and McElroy, D. (1990) Transformation and regeneration of important crop plants: Rice as the model system for monocots. In Gene Manipulation in Plant Improvement II (Gustafson, J.P., ed.). Plenum Press, New York, pp. 251-263.
  228. Kim, S.Y. and Wu, R. (1990) Multiple protein factors bind to a rice glutelin promoter region. Nucleic Acids Res. 18, 6845-6852.
  229. Walker, F., Nice, E., Fabri, L., Moy, F.J., Liu, J.F., Wu, R., Scheraga, H.A. and Burgess, A.W. (1990) Resistance to receptor-mediated degradation of a murine epidermal growth factor analogue (EGF-Val 47) potentiates its mitogenic activity. Biochemistry 29, 10635-10640.
  230. Wu, R. (1990) Genetic manipulation of the rice genome by introducing cloned genes into rice. In Biological Nitrogen Fixation Associated with Rice Production (Dutta, S.K. and Sloger, C., eds.). Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., India, pp. 371-376.
  231. Wu, R. (1990) Report of the committee on genetic engineering: molecular analysis of rice genes. Rice Genetics Newsletter 7, 68-77.
  232. Lei, M. and Wu, R. (1991) A novel glycine-rich cell wall protein gene in rice. Plant Molec. Biol. 16, 187-198.
  233. Kemmerer, E.C., Lei, M. and Wu, R. (1991) Isolation and molecular evolutionary analysis of a cytochrome c gene from Oryza sativa (rice). Mol. Biol. Evol. 8, 212-226.
  234. Kemmerer, E.C., Lei, M. and Wu, R. (1991) Structure and molecular evolutionary analysis of a plant cytochrome c gene: Surprising implications for Arabidopsis thaliana. J. Mol. Evol. 32, 227-237.
  235. Wu, H.-K., Chung, M.-C., Wu, T., Ning, C.-N. and Wu, R. (1991) Localization of specific repetitive DNA sequences in individual rice chromosomes. Chromosoma 100, 330-338.
  236. Rothenberg, M. and Wu, R. (1991) Molecular analysis of rice genes and methods for gene transfer. In Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, Vol. 14 (Bajaj, Y.P.S., ed.). Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 422-446.
  237. Zhang, W., McElroy, D. and Wu, R. (1991) Analysis of rice Act1 5' region activity in transgenic rice plants. Plant Cell 3, 1155-1165.
  238. Cao, J., Zhang, W., McElroy, D. and Wu, R. (1991) Assessment of rice genetic transformation techniques. In Rice Biotechnology (Khush, G.S. and Toenniessen, G.H., eds.). C.A.B. International, I.R.R.I., Manila, Philippines, pp. 175-198.
  239. McElroy, D., Blowers, A.D., Jenes, B. and Wu, R. (1991) Construction of expression vectors based on the rice actin 1 (Act1) 5' region for use in monocot transformation. Mol. Gen. Genet. 231, 150-160.
  240. Wu, R. (1991) D. Report of the committee on genetic engineering: molecular analysis of rice genes. In Rice Genetics Newsletter, Vol. 8 (Oka, H.I. and Khush, G.S., eds.). Rice Genetics Cooperative, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Japan, pp. 45-50.
  241. Wu, R., Hirai, A., Mundy, J., Nelson, R. and Rodriguez, R. (1991) Guidelines for nomenclature of cloned genes or DNA fragments in rice. In Rice Genetics Newsletter, Vol. 8 (Oka, H.I. and Khush, G.S., eds.). Rice Genetics Cooperative, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Japan, pp. 51-53.
  242. Sticklen, M.B., Hajela, R.K., Hajela, N., McElroy, D., Cao, J. and Wu, R. (1991) Polygenic transformation of rice using microprojectile-delivered DNA. In Rice Genetics II, Proceedings of the Second International Rice Genetics Symposium, May 14-18, 1990, International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines, pp. 625-635.
  243. Xie, Y., Wang, Y. and Wu, R. (1991) A rice DNA sequence that resembles the maize MU1 transposable element. Rice Genetics 2, 377-387.
  244. Kim, J.-K. and Wu, R. (1992) Nucleotide sequence of a high-pI rice (Oryza sativa) -amylase gene. Plant Molec. Biol. 18, 399-402.
  245. Zhang, W., Wang, Y., McElroy, D. and Wu, R. (1992) Analysis of rice Act1 5' region activity in transgenic rice plants and the study of regulatory elements in this region. J. Cell. Biochem., Supplement 16F, p. 213.
  246. Xu, D., McElroy, D., Cao, J., Zhang, W. and Wu, R. (1992) Development of a wound- inducible promoter system for gene expression in transgenic cereals. J. Cell. Biochem., Supplement 16F, p. 223.
  247. Kim, J.-K., Cao, J. and Wu, R. (1992) Regulation and interaction of multiple protein factors with the proximal promoter regions of a rice high pI -amylase gene. Mol. Gen. Genet. 232, 383-393.
  248. Reece, K.S., McElroy, D. and Wu, R. (1992) Function and evolution of actins. In Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 26 (Hecht, M.K., Wallace, B. and Macintyre, R.J., eds.). Plenum Press, New York and London, pp. 1-34.
  249. Wu, T. and Wu, R. (1992) A novel repetitive DNA sequence in the genus Oryza. Theor. Appl. Genet. 84, 136-144.
  250. Wang, Y., Zhang, W., Cao, J., McElroy, D. and Wu, R. (1992) Characterization of cis- acting elements regulating transcription from the promoter of a constitutively active rice actin gene. Mol. Cell. Biol. 12, 3399-3406.
  251. Jenes, B., Moore, H., Cao, J., Zhang, W. and Wu, R. (1992) Techniques for gene transfer. In Transgenic Plants, Vol. 1, "Engineering and Utilization" (Kung, S.-D. and Wu, R., eds.). Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp. 125-146.
  252. Cao, J., Duan, X., McElroy, D. and Wu, R. (1992) Regeneration of herbicide resistant transgenic rice plants following microprojectile-mediated transformation of suspension cells. Plant Cell Reports 11, 586-591.
  253. Xu, D., Wu, T., Cao, J. and Wu, R. (1992) Production and analysis of transgenic rice plants. In Agricultural Biotechnology (You, C.B. and Chen, Z.L., eds.). China Science and Technology Press, Beijing, China, pp. 91-96.
  254. Yu, S.-M., Tzou, W.-S., Lo, W.-S., Kuo, Y.-H., Lee, H.-T. and Wu, R. (1992) Regulation of -amylase-encoding gene expression in germinating seeds and cultured cells of rice. Gene 122, 247-253.
  255. Wu, R. (1993) Development of enzyme-based methods for DNA sequence analysis and their application in the genome projects. In Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology (Meister, A., ed.), Vol. 67. John Wiley and Sons, pp. 431-468.
  256. Wang, Y. and Wu, R. (1993) A new method for specific cleavage of megabase-size chromosomal DNA by -terminase. Nucleic Acids Res. 21, 2143-2147.
  257. Wang, B., Yang, X. and Wu, R. (1993) High-level production of the mouse epidermal growth factor in a Bacillus brevis expression system. Protein Express. & Purification 4, 223-231.
  258. Wu, R., Duan, X. and Xu, D. (1993) Analysis of rice genes in transgenic plants. Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology 45, 1-26.
  259. Xu, D., McElroy, D., Thornburg, R.W. and Wu, R. (1993) Systemic induction of a potato pin2 promoter by wounding, methyl jasmonate, and abscisic acid in transgenic rice plants. Plant Mol. Biol. 22, 573-588.
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  377. Vitale, A., Wu, R.J., Cheng, Z. and Meagher, R.B. (2003) Multiple conserved 5’ elements are required for high-level pollen expression of the Arabidopsis reproductive actin ACT1. J. Mol. Biol. 52, 1135-1151.
  378. Su, J. and Wu, R. (2004) Stress-inducible synthesis of proline in transgenic rice confers faster growth under stress conditions than that with constitutive synthesis. Plant Science 166, 941-948.
  379. Wu, R. (2004) Making an impact. Nature Suppl. 428, 206-207.
  380. Babu, R.C., Zhang, J., Blum, A., Ho, D.T.-H., Wu, R. and Nguyen, H.T. (2004) HVA1, a LEA gene from barley confers dehydration tolerance in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L.) via cell membrane protection. Plant Science 166, 855-862.
  381. Wu, R. (2004) Vision of agricultural biotechnology in China in 2050. In Dare to Dream (Tso, T.C. and Kang, H., eds.). China Agricultural University Press, pp. 287-293.
  382. Duan, F., Dey, M., Sangwan, V., He, C.-K., Li, F., Su, J., Garg, A. and Wu, R. (2004) Production of Ds-anchor plant lines for generating a large population of insertional- mutants in rice for functional genomics. In Plant & Animal Genome XII, International Conference on the Status of Plant & Animal Genome Research, January 10-14, 2004, San Diego, CA.
  383. Su, J., Garg, A. and Wu, R. (2005) Transgenic approach for introducing beneficial genes into rice plants to increase salt-stress tolerance. Abstracts/Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A 141, S342-S348. Society for Experimental Biology, Annual Main Meeting, July 11-12, 2005, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
  384. Verma, D., Verma, M., Dey, M., Jain, R.K. and Wu, R. (2005) Molecular dissection of the tobacco Rb7 matrix attachment region (MAR): Effect of 5’ half on gene expression in rice. Plant Science 169, 704-711.
  385. Wu, R. (2005) Transgenic approach for producing abiotic stress-tolerant rice plants. In International Rice Genetics Symposium and 3rd International Rice Functional Genomics Symposium, November 19-23, 2005, p. 31, Manila, Philippines.
  386. Malik, V. and Wu, R. (2006) Transcription factor AtMyb2 increased salt-stress tolerance in rice, Oryza sativa L. Rice Genetics Newsletter 22, 59-62.
  387. Su, J., Hirji, R., Zhang, L., He, C.-K., Selvaraj, G. and Wu, R. (2006) Evaluation of the stress-inducible production of choline oxidase in transgenic rice as a strategy for producing the stress-protectant glycine betaine. J. Exp. Bot. 57, 1129-1135.
  388. Garg, A.K., Sawers, R.J.H., Wang, H., Kim, J.-K., Walker, J.M., Brutnell, T.P., Parthasarathy, M.V., Vierstra, R.D., and Wu, R. (2006) Light-regulated overexpression of an Arabidopsis phytochrome A gene in rice alters plant architecture and increases grain yield. Planta 223, 627-636.
  389. He, C.K., Dey, M., Lin, Z., Duan, F., Li, F., and Wu, R. (2006) An efficient method for producing an indexed, insertional-mutant library in rice. 4th International Rice Functional Genomics Symposium, Le Corum, Montpellier, France, October 9-11, 2006. Abstract, p. 33.
  390. He, C.K., Dey, M., Lin, Z., Duan, F., Li, F., and Wu, R. (2007) An efficient method for producing an indexed, insertional-mutant library in rice. Genomics 89, 532-540.
  391. Garg, A. and Wu, R. (2007) Production of drought and salt tolerant transgenic cereal plants. Molec. Plant Breeding 5, 278.
  392. Garg, A.K. and Wu, R.J. (2007) Trehalose producing transgenic rice plants with improved salinity and cold tolerance: progress and future prospects. In V Congresso Btrasileiro de Arroz Irrigado, Vol. 2, XXVII Reuniao da Cultura do Arroz Irrigado, pp. 836-844.
  393. Zhu, Q.H., Eun, M.Y., Han, C., Kumar, C.S., Pereira, A., Ramachandran, S., Sundaresan, V., Eamens, A.L., Upadhyaya, N.M. and Wu, R. (2007) Transposon insertional mutants: A resource for rice functional genomics. In Rice Functional Genomics (Upadhyaya, N.M., ed.). Springer, pp. 223-280.
  394. Luan, W.-J., He, C.-K., Hu, G.-C., Dey, M., Fu, Y.-P., Si, H.-M., Zhu, L., Liu, W.-Z., Duan, F., Zhang, H., Liu, W.-Y., Zhuo, R.-Y., Garg, A., Wu, R. and Sun, Z.-X. (2008) An efficient field screening procedure for identifying transposants for constructing an Ac/Dc-based insertional-mutant library of rice. Genome 51, 41-49.

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