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Leong, S. J., Lu, W.-C. and Chiou, T.-J.* (2018) Phosphite-Mediated Suppression of Anthocyanin Accumulation Regulated by Mitochondrial ATP Synthesis and Sugar in Arabidopsis. Plant & Cell Physiology 59: 1158-1169
Despite the essential role of phosphate (Pi) in plant growth and development, how plants sense and signal the change of Pi supply to adjust its uptake and utilization is not yet well understood. Pi itself has been proposed to be a signaling molecule that regulates Pi starvation responses (PSRs) because phosphite (Phi), a non-metabolized Pi analog, suppresses several PSRs. In this study, we identified a phosphite-insensitive1 (phi1) mutant which retained anthocyanin, a visible PSR, in Phi-containing but Pi-deficient medium. phi1 mutants were impaired in the gene encoding an FAd subunit of mitochondrial F1Fo-ATP synthase and showed a reduced mitochondrial ATP level in roots, growth hypersensitivity to oligomycin and an increased mitochondrial membrane potential, suggesting that this gene has a crucial role in mitochondrial ATP synthesis. phi1 mutants accumulated a high level of sugars in shoots, which may account for the increased accumulation of anthocyanin and starch in Phi-containing conditions. Gene expression analysis showed that a subset of genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism in phi1 was misregulated in response to Phi. The majority of genes were repressed by Pi starvation and, unlike wild-type plants, their repression in phi1 was not affected by the addition of Phi. Our findings show that defective mitochondrial ATP synthesis results in sugar accumulation, leading to alteration of Phi-mediated suppression of PSRs. This study reinforces the role of sugars, and also reveals a cross-talk among ATP, sugars and Pi/Phi molecules in mediating PSRs. link

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本中心與東海大學生命科學研究中心教研合作協議簽約儀式

2018/06/11 ABRC Seminar 2018/05/08 ABRC Seminar The 11<sup>th</sup> Tsungming Tu Award Ceremony

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*2018/08/22 10:30 AM
Dr. Nathaniel Robert Street (Associate Professor, Department of Plant Physiology, Umeå University, Sweden)
Systems genetics and genomics insights into complex traits in aspen and Norway spruce
Auditorium A134, Agricultural Technology Building, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center

*2018/09/03 10:30 AM
Dr. Sophie A. Lelièvre (Professor of Basic Medical Sciences with courtesy appointment in Nutrition Science; coleader, Drug Discovery & Molecular Sensing NCI-designated Purdue Center for Cancer Research; Scientific Director, 3D Cell Culture Core (3D3C) Facility, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Discovery Park, Purdue University, USA)
Environmental Epigenetics for the Primary Prevention of Cancer
Auditorium A134, Agricultural Technology Building, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center

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Ming-Jung Liu*, Koichi Sugimoto, Sahra Uygun, Nicholas Panchy, Michael S. Campbell, Mark Yandell, Gregg A. Howe and Shin-Han Shiu* (2018). Regulatory divergence in wound-responsive gene expression between domesticated and wild tomato. Plant Cell DOI: http://www.plantcell.org/content/early/2018/05/09/tpc.18.00194

Hsiang-chin Liu†, Jörn Lämke†, Siou-ying Lin†, Meng-Ju Hung, Kuan-Ming Liu, Yee-yung Charng*, Isabel Bäurle* (2018) Distinct heat shock factors and chromatin modifications mediate the organ-autonomous transcriptional memory of heat stress. Plant J. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13958

Sakthivel Kailasam, Ying Wang, Jing-Chi Lo, Hsin-Fang Chang and Kuo-Chen Yeh* (2018) S-nitrosoglutathione works downstream of nitric oxide to mediate iron deficiency signaling in Arabidopsis The Plant Journal, DOI: 10.1111/tpj.13850

Lin W-Y, Lin Y-Y, Chiang S-F, Syu C, Hsieh L-C*, Chiou T-J* (2018) Evolution of microRNA827 targeting in the plant kingdom. New Phytologist 217: 1712-1725

Kuo, H.-F., Hsu, Y.-Y., Lin, W.-C., Chen, K.-Y., Munnik, T., Brearley, C. A.* and Chiou, T.-J.* (2018) Arabidopsis inositol phosphate kinases, IPK1 and ITPK1, constitute a metabolic pathway in maintaining phosphate homeostasis. The Plant J. (doi:10.1111/tpj.13974)

Background: Two related species accumulate differences between each other over time. If one of the species is domesticated due to human selection of desirable traits, the domesticated species experiences a 'bottleneck' where many traits present in the related wild species are lost because only a few individuals are targeted for selection. ...more
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